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【值得收藏】中小学英语写作必背句型。

2017-07-14 10:01

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中小学英语学习中,语法、词汇和短语都很重要,但有一项很容易被大家忽视, 那就是句型。熟练掌握下面60个句型,你就再也不用为写作发愁了!

句型1

There+be +主语+地点状语/时间状语

(例如)eg:

There's a book on the desk.

桌上有本书。

句型2

What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?

eg:

What's wrong with you?

你怎么了?

句型3

How do you like...?

eg:

How do you like Nanjing?

你觉得南京怎么样?

句型4

What do you like about...?

eg:

What do you like about Nanjing?

你喜欢南京什么?

句型5

had better(not)+动词原形

eg:

You'd better have a rest.

你最好休息一下。

句型6

1.How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语! ;

eg:

How beautiful the girl is !

这个姑娘真漂亮!

2.What a/an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!

What an interesting book it is! 多有趣的一本书呀!

句型7

Thank+sb. +for (doing) sth.

eg:

Thank you for helping me.

感谢你帮我。

句型8

So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语

eg:

He is a doctor. So am I.

他是一个医生,我也是。

句型9

... not ... until ...

eg:

He didn't do his homework until his mother came back.

直到他的父母回来他才写作业。

句型10

比较级+and+比较级

eg:

It rained harder and harder.

雨越下越大。

句型11

the +比较级,the +比较级

eg:

The more careful you are ,the fewer mistake you will make.

越仔细,越少犯错。

句型12

1、... as +adj./ adv.+as ... ;

eg:

Noting is as important as passion.

没有什么跟激情一样重要。

2、not as/so+adj/adv. +as...

eg:

Last Sunday the weather was not so hot as it is today.

上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气炎热。

句型13

more/ less +adj.+than...

eg:

I think art is more interesting than music.

我认为艺术比音乐更有趣。

句型14

stopsb/sth from doing sth.

eg:

The Great Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.

长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。

句型15

both ... and ...

eg:

Both you and I are doctors.

我和你都是医生。

句型16

either ... or...

eg:

Either you or he is right .

不是你对就是他对。

句型17

neither ... nor ...

eg:

Neither he nor I am a doctor.

我和他都不是医生。

句型18

... as soon as ...

eg:

As soon as we were inside, the rain began to bucket down.

我们刚进屋,大雨便倾盆而下。

句型19

... so+adj. / adv.+that ...

eg:

I was so tired that I didn't want to have a supper.

我累得连晚饭也不想吃了。

句型20

Though...+主句

eg:

Though he is rich, his life is not happy.

他虽然很有钱,但生活并不幸福。

句型21

be going to do sth

eg:

I am going to do my homework after go home.

我回家将要做作业。

句型22

be different from

eg:

The weather in winter is different from that in spring.

冬天的天气和春天不一样。

句型23

Welcome(back) to...

eg:

Welcome back to school!

欢迎回到学校!

句型24

have fun doing

eg:

You will have fun reading about the world we live in.

你会通过阅读了解我们生活中的世界。

句型25

... because ... / ...,so ...

eg:

I don't buy it because it was too expensive.

我没有买因为太贵了。

句型26

Why don’t you do... = Why not do...

eg:

Why don't you want to swim?

你为什么不想学游泳?

句型27

make it

eg:

No matter how hard it is, I will make it one day.

无论多难,总有一天我会成功的。

句型28

have nothing to do

eg:

I don't care for the man who I have noting to do with.

我不关心那个与我无关的人。

句型29

1、be sure that... ;

eg:

I think so, but I'm not sure.

我想是这样,但我不敢确定。

2、be sure of/ about sth. ;be sure to do sth.

eg:

I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone.

我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。

句型30

between ... and ...

eg:

There is a supermarket between the hospital and the school.

在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家超级市场。

句型31

keep sb. / sth. +adj/doing/介词短语/adv

eg:

You must keep your room clean.

你们必须保持房间干净。

Sorry to have kept you waiting.

对不起,让你久等。

Can you keep her in the room ?

你能让她在这个房里吗?

Keep them there.

让她们在那儿呆着。

句型32

find +宾语+宾补

eg:

He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .

他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。

句型33

... not ... any more/ longer

eg:

The old man doesn't travel any more.

这位老人不再旅行了。

He isn't a thief any longer.

他不再是个贼。

句型34

What’s the weather like...?

eg:

What's the weather like in spring in your hometown ?

你们家乡春天天气怎么样?

句型35

There is no time to do sth;

eg:

There was no time to think.

没有时间思考。

sb have no time to do sth.

eg:

I have no time to go home for lunch.

我没有时间回家吃午饭。

句型36

Help oneself to...

eg:

Help yourself to some fish.

吃鱼吧!

句型37

used to do sth

eg:

I used to read this kind of story books.

我过去常读这种故事书。

句型38

borrow ... from...

eg:

I borrowed an English book from him.

我从他那借了一本英语书。

句型39

lend sb. sth.= lend sth. to sb.

eg:

He lent me a story book=He lent a story book to me.

他借我一本故事书。

句型40

have been to...

eg:

Have you ever been to CHINA?

你曾去过中国吗?

句型41

have gone to...

eg:

Where's he?He's gone to China.

他在哪儿?他去中国了。

句型42

be famous for...

eg:

Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.

夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。

句型43

No matter +疑问句+主句

eg:

No matter when you come,you are welcomed.

无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。

句型44

be afraid of / to do / that...

eg:

I'm afraid not.

恐怕不能。

Don't be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.

当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。

句型45

1、... as ... as possible;

eg:

I hope to see him as soon as possible.

我希望能尽快见到他。

2、 ... as ... as sb can.

eg:

He ran here as fast as he could.

他尽最大努力跑到这儿。

句型46

practise / enjoy / finish doing

eg:

A young man practised speaking English with Mr Brown.

一个年青人和布朗先生练习说英语。

Tom enjoys playing football very much.

汤姆很喜欢踢足球。

He finished reading the story book.

他看完了那本故事书。

句型47

It’s said that ...

eg:

It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.

据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。

句型48

Not all / everyone ...

eg:

Not all birds are alike.

并不是所有的鸟都一样。

句型49

be based on

eg:

His argument is based on facts.

他的论断是以事实为根据的。

句型50

... so that ...

eg:

They got up early so that they could catch the eraly bus.

为了能赶上早班车,她们早早就起床了。

句型51

be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...

eg:

The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long.

绿色长城长 7000 公里。

The river is about 2 metres deep.

这条河大约有 2 米深。

The boy is about 12 years old .

这个男孩约 12 岁。

句型52

keep ... from doing

eg:

The heavy rain kept us from starting out.

大雨阻止了我们出发。

句型53

with one’s help...

eg:

With your help,I've come to Nanjing to study further.

在你的帮助下, 我来南京深造。

句型54

I don’t think ...

eg:

I don't think any of them is important.

我不认为他们中任何一个是重要的。

句型55

What’s the population of ...?

eg:

What's the population of Nanjing ?

南京人口有多少?

句型56

prefer to dorather than do

eg:

They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it.

他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。

句型57

be worth (doing)

eg:

This book is worth reading.

这本书值得读。

句型58

regardas...

eg:

We regard him as a real friends of us.

我们把他看做一位真正的朋友。

句型59

be confident of

eg:

He is confident of getting the first place.

他对拿第一有信心。

句型60

be angry with / about / at(doing)

eg:

We are all very angry with ourselves.

我们都很生自己的气。

I was angry about his decision to build a factory here.

我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。

I was angry at being kept waiting.

这样一直等我很生气。


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