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初中英语常考的短语和结构汇总

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2019-12-03 18:05

小编为大家整理的是常考的短语和结构汇总,可以把文章收藏起来或打印出来,每天看一点。

 

  1 (see hear notice find feel listen to look at (感官动词)+ do

 

  eg :I like watching monkeys jump

 

  2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

 

  3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)

 

  4 agree with sb 赞成某人

 

  5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样

 

  6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

 

  7 along with 同……一道,伴随……

 

  eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去

 

  the students planted trees along with their teachers

 

  学生同老师们一起种树

 

  8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样

 

  9 as you can see 你是知道的

 

  10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西)

 

  eg : ask you for my book

 

  11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

 

  12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事

 

  ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

 

  13 at the age of 在……岁时

 

  egI am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

 

  14 at the beginning of ……

 

  ……的起初;……的开始

 

  15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾

 

  eg : At the end of the day

 

  16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

 

  17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句

 

  感觉/对什么有信心,自信

 

  eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English

 

  I feel that I can pass the test

 

  18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

 

  19 be able to (+ v ) = can (+ v ) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

 

  20 be able to do sth 能够干什么

 

  eg :she is able to sing

 

  21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕……

 

  eg : I'm afraed to go out at night

 

  I'm afraid of dog

 

  22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

 

  eg: I'm allowed to watch TV

 

  我被允许看电视

 

  I should be allowed to watch TV

 

  我应该被允许看电视

 

  23 be angry with sb 生某人的气

 

  eg : Don't be angry with me

 

  24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth

 

  为什么而生某人的气

 

  25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样

 

  eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

 

  26 be ashamed to

 

  27 be away from 远离

 

  28 be away from 从……离开

 

  29 be bad for 对什么有害

 

  eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes

 

  在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

 

  30 be born 出生于

 

  31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事

 

  be busy with sth 忙于……

 

  32 be careful 当心;小心

 

  33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

 

  34 be famous for 以……著名

 

  35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

 

  36 be from = come from 来自

 

  eg He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing Does he come from Bejing

 

  37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满

 

  eg: the glass is full of water

 

  the glass is filled with water

 

  38 be glad+to+do/从句

 

  39 be going to + v() 将来时

 

  40 be good at(+doing) = do well in

 

  在某方面善长, 善于……

 

  41 be good for 对什么有好处

 

  eg : Reading aloud is good for your English

 

  42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

 

  43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

 

  eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you

 

  大声朗读对你有好处

 

  Exercising is helpful to your bady

 

  锻炼对你的身体有好处

 

  44 be in good health 身体健康

 

  45 be in trouble 处于困难中

 

  eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble

 

  46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

 

  47 be late for = come late to 迟到

 

  eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

 

  48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

 

  49 be mad at 生某人的气

 

  50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

 

  51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)

 

  52 be not sure 表不确定

 

  53 be on a visit to 参观

 

  54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

 

  55 be quiet 安静

 

  56 be short for **的缩写

 

  eg: is short for 陶俊杰

 

  57 be sick in bed 生病在床

 

  58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb

 

  eg : I am sorry for you

 

  59 be sorry to hear that

 

  60 be sorry to trouble sb

 

  eg : I am sorry to trouble you

 

  61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事

 

  eg : He's strict in obeying noles

 

  62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格

 

  eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

 

  63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格

 

  64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

 

  65 be sure 表确定

 

  66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心

 

  eg: He is sure of winning

 

  I am sure of learning English well

 

  67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心

 

  eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher

 

  我相信我的大脑(老师)

 

  68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心

 

  eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test

 

  我相信他能通过考试

 

  69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事

 

  eg: We are sure to pass the test

 

  我们一定会通过这次考试

 

  We are sure to learn English well

 

  我们一定能学好英语

 

  70 be terrified of + /doing 害怕……

 

  71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

 

  72 be the same as … 和什么一样

 

  73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

 

  eg: My father is used to getting up early

 

  我爸爸习惯早起

 

  He is used to sleeping in class

 

  他习惯上课睡觉

 

  74 be worth doing 值得做什么

 

  75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

 

  be afraid of sth 害怕某物

 

  be afraid that 丛句

 

  76 because+句子 because of +短语

 

  eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

 

  77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 startwith=beginwith… 以什么开始什么

 

  eg : Let's begin the game with the song

 

  I begin to go home

 

  78 betweenand… 两者之间

 

  79 borrow sth from sb 向……借……

 

  lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

 

  eg : I borrowed a pen from him

 

  he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen

 

  80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

 

  81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth

 

  eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station 我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

 

  the problem has been bothering me for weeks

 

  这个问题困扰了我几个周了

 

  82 by the end of 到……为止

 

  83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang

 

  84 care 关心

 

  eg : Don't you care about this country's future

 

  你为什么不关心国家的未来

 

  85 catch up with sb 赶上某人

 

  86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈

 

  take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

 

  87 come in 进来

 

  88 come over to 过来

 

  89 come up with 提出

 

  eg: Can you come up with a good idea

 

  你能想出一个好办法吗?

 

  90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

 

  91 consider + doing 考虑做什么

 

  eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou

 

  为什么不考虑去泸州?

 

  92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

 

  93 decide to do sth 决定做某事

 

  94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查

 

  95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

 

  96 do wrong 做错

 

  97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事

 

  98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

 

  99 each +()每一个……

 

  eg : Each student has many books.  每一个学生都有一些书

 

100 end up +doing

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